Towards zero deforestation

Two approaches can help global organizations protect landscapes

Old growth trees store most carbon. Forest carbon monitoring in Kalimantan, Indonesia. Photo by Sigit Deni Sasmito, CIFOR
23 January 2019
Landscape News Editor

The human population is still growing and needs space and resources. It is, therefore, not easy to reconcile development, biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation efforts. Which areas can be allocated for development and what should be off-limits to conserve forests and biodiversity? And how do we ensure that stakeholders, including governments and the private sector, respect minimum standards for land use planning processes?

Two tools are relevant here: one is the High Carbon Stock Approach, a new global methodology that helps answer such questions and implement No Deforestation commitments. It’s a land use planning tool focused on achieving No Deforestation. It integrates social considerations—local community customary rights, livelihoods and needs, high conservation values, peatlands, riparian zones and plantation operational aspects.

The other assessment tool is the High Conservation Values Approach. This Approach was developed by the Forest Stewardship Council, and since then has been adopted by a number of other voluntary sustainability standards. As such, it was not originally designed as a deforestation and climate mitigation tool. The aim of the approach is to maintain and enhance critical environmental and social values, values often associated with forests.

“I would strongly encourage both approaches to be used in parallel,” says Johannes Refisch, coordinator of UN Environment’s Great Apes Survival Partnership (GRASP). You can easily have areas which rank high on high carbon stock and low on high conservation values and vice-versa but they are worth protecting.”

Refisch points to a recent study on sustainable palm oil cultivation in Gabon which called for the application of both approaches (Austin et al, 2017).

In November 2017, proponents of the two approaches agreed to launch the Integrated Manual to address both issues in parallel.

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